It’s all Illusion – but how?

Q. Madame Blavatsky frequently said that the universe and everything in itMadame Blavatsky is just illusion. Did she mean this in the same sense in which it is meant by the modern day illusionists such as the followers of “A Course in Miracles” who are always saying that “it’s all illusion”?

A. No, she meant it in a very different sense to what many of the ACIM and other similar people mean by it. The reason the teachings of Theosophy describe the universe and everything in it as being “maya” – illusion – is because of the impermanence, the finite nature, the changeability and ultimate temporariness of the universe and everything in it. It is undeniable that everything around us currently objectively exists but it is equally undeniable that everything around us, everything manifested, is but finite and impermanent.

Theosophy says that it is only that which is infinite, permanent, changeless, unchangeable, and eternal, which can be considered as being TRULY Real. And that is the Brahman which the Hindu scriptures speak of. The manifested universe has a definite life cycle…it had a beginning and it will have an ending…the dawn of Time and the end of Time. Then later it will appear again, exist again, and disappear again. The cyclic appearance and disappearance of the universe is an ever-ongoing process. But although the universe and the physical, material world does currently exist, we must always remember its utterly transient and evanescent nature and keep in mind the true Reality (with a capital “R”), the Infinite Brahman, and know that this is Who and What we are in the essential nature of our own Real Self.

To recap: According to the Theosophical teachings, the universe and everything in it is illusion not in the sense of being non-existent but in the sense of it all being so temporary, impermanent, finite, and ever-changing – a passing appearance – when compared with the changeless, eternal, immutable Divine Principle.

“In Hindu philosophy that alone which is changeless and eternal is called reality; all that which is subject to change through decay and differentiation and which has therefore a beginning and an end is regarded as maya – illusion.”  – H.P. Blavatsky, “The Theosophical Glossary,” entry for “Maya”

To put it another way, everything that is differentiated is Maya. That is what Maya is. Differentiation is Maya; Maya is differentiation. Anything and everything that is differentiated is Maya, anything and everything that is manifested is Maya, anything and everything that is conditioned is Maya. Brahman alone is REAL – all else is Maya, all else is illusion. In “The Secret Doctrine Dialogues” it is called “the illusion of manifestation” and it’s said that “everything is illusion on this plane of existence.”

One of the Buddha’s most central teachings was that “All compounded phenomena are impermanent.” As a result of this undeniable truth, even Jagat, Jiva, and Ishvara (the Universe, the individual soul, and the Logos) are considered in Advaita Vedanta to be mayavic and illusionary.

So this is what HPB means when she talks of everything being illusion and maya. It makes perfect sense and is both logical and reasonable. Yet, from what can be gathered from conversations with ACIM students, they insist that the universe does not even currently objectively exist and that it is all an illusion created by our ignorant minds! They say that as soon as one person will fully grasp and understand the illusory nature of everything then the universe will instantly disappear because it is just the illusory projection of our own ignorance. “When one understands it, all will understand it,” they claim. The ACIM teachings are hyperidealistic, unphilosophical, and utterly contrary to Theosophy and all Ancient Wisdom in almost every sense.

* Some related articles include The Existence of Evil, 12 Things Theosophy Teaches, The Impersonal Divine, The One Eternal Thing, Theosophy: The Ancient Wisdom, An Invitation to The Secret Doctrine, and “My Law” – Theosophy in a Poem.

~ Blavatsky Theosophy Group UK ~



  1. But as Heidegger said: Why are there something rather than nothing?

  2. The Adwaitee view of the relation of Parabrahman as a self-luminescent mirror is so far my favorite metaphor of the ONE incognizable. For me, it proved to be the most easily understandable, having Parabrahman-Mulaprakriti as the pure, self-luminescent mirror, wich, by it’s own power, brings forth Maya in itself and yet remains untouched. In my understanding, Parabrahman and Mulaprakriti are interchangeable terms that apply to the self luminescent mirror and it’s image. However, in a more correct usage of the terms when regarding our understanding, Mulaprakriti refers to the surface of the mirror, wich serves as substance to the image in it, Parabrahman refers to the luminescence of the mirror, wich brigns forth the image and gives motion to it, Maya refers to the ephemeral image in the mirror, and Avidya refers to the ignorance of the mirror’s light to recognize itself as the ONE self-luminescent mirror, thinking itself to be the passing image. As for the Logoi, Brahmā, etc, i understand it to be all Maya, or the image. Would this representation be congruent with the theosophical view on the subject? Knowing, of course, that this depiction is serves only for instruction of beings, for Brahman is ONE, incognizable and without a second.

    • Yes, this is a very good and nicely expressed summary of it. The only possible clarification that could be made is to again state that the Logos or Logoi DO exist but – like everything else, the Universe included – are ultimately only temporary and thus finite, Parabrahm-Mulaprakriti alone being the One True REALITY. So the Logos is Maya only in the sense of its being non-eternal in comparison with the Absolute…but this is probably what you meant anyway.

  3. Yes, It is an illusion! My husband passed away! Now, years later, his excistance and memories seems all like a distant dream! It feels so unreal, like he was never part of my life. Even all his material possessions have no power. I realize materials can not be associated to human being! We and materials come and go!

    • Fabrice says:

      I suspect the ” Maya ” Truth was brought to our understanding so as we avoid identification with objective manifestation. I open to know more about other relevance of this truth for our lives. Thanks

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